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D.V.M., Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, 1984
B.S., Natural Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1978
Rosalind Rolland, D.V.M., is a Senior Scientist with a research focus on health and physiology of large whales. Since 1999, Dr. Rolland’s research at the New England Aquarium has focused on development of noninvasive methods to study health, reproduction, and stress responses in free-swimming large whales. She has pioneered methods to measure an array of hormones in whales using a variety of sample types, including scat, baleen, and respiratory vapor (blow). Dr. Rolland and her colleagues created a method to monitor endangered North Atlantic right whales using photographs to assess the health of individual whales and health trends at the population level. She has led projects investigating diseases, marine biotoxins, and the effects of underwater noise on large whales. Her research program includes studies of North Atlantic right whales, beaked whales, sperm whales, bowhead whales, and humpback whales. The objective of Dr. Rolland’s research is to better understand the risks posed to large whales by human impacts on their marine habitat.
Rolland R.M. and Moore M.J. In press. Health assessment of large whales. Pages 819-832 in: Dierauf LA and Gulland FMD, (eds.) CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, 3rd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Rolland R.M., McLellan W.A., Moore M.J., Harms C.A., Burgess E.A., Hunt K.E.. 2017. Fecal glucocorticoids and anthropogenic injury and mortality in North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis). Endangered Species Research 10, doi.org/10.3354/esr00866
Hunt K.E., Lysiak N.S., Moore M., Rolland R.M. 2017. Multi-year longitudinal profiles of cortisol and corticosterone recovered from baleen of North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis). General and Comparative Endocrinology 254: 50-59. doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2017.09.009
Burgess, E.A., Hunt, K.E., Kraus, S.D., Rolland, R.M. 2017. Adrenal responses of large whales: integrating aldosterone as a complementary biomarker. General and Comparative Endocrinology 252: 103-110.
Rolland R.M., Schick R.S., Pettis H.M., Knowlton A.R., Hamilton P.K., Clark J.S., Kraus S.D. 2016. Health in North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) over three decades: from individual health to demographic and population health trends. Marine Ecology Progress Series 542: 265-282. doi.org/10.3354/meps11547
Schick R.S., Kraus S.D., Rolland R.M., Knowlton A.R., Hamilton P.K., Pettis H.M., Kenney R.D., Clark JS. 2013. Using hierarchical bayes to understand movement, health, and survival in the endangered North Atlantic right whale. PLoSOne 8(6): e64166. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064166
Rolland R.M., Parks S.E., Hunt K.E., Castellote M., Corkeron P.J., Nowacek D.P., Wasser S.K. and Kraus S.D. 2012. Evidence that ship noise increases stress in right whales. Proceedings of the Royal Academy B 279: 2363-2368. doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2011.2429
Kraus S.D. and Rolland R.M. 2007. The Urban Whale: North Atlantic Right Whales at the Crossroads. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. doi.org/10.1644/08-MAMM-R-133.1
Rolland R.M., Hamilton P.K., Kraus S.D., Davenport B., Bower R.M., Wasser S.K. 2006. Faecal sampling using detection dogs to study reproduction and health in North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis). Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 8(2):121-125. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/293181426_Faecal_sampling_using_detection_dogs_to_study_reproduction_and_health_in_North_Atlantic_right_whales_Eubalaena_glacialis
Rolland R.M., Hunt K.E., Kraus S.D., Wasser S.K. 2005. Assessing reproductive status of right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) using fecal hormone metabolites. General and Comparative Endocrinology 142:308-317. doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2005.02.002
Photo Courtesy: Alonso Nichols, Tufts University.